About the Kaniengehaga of Tsit-Kanaja
Kaniengehaga means (People of the Place of the Flint) and Tsit-Kanaja means (Floating Kettle).
Our Onkwehonwe band of Kaniengehaga had occupied the Ottawa-Hull region since time immemorial.
The presently named Chaudiere falls is still called Tsit-Kanaja by its original people, my Kaniengehaga ancestors had given the falls this name because the mist that arose from the falls resembled that of a steaming kettle. The bedrock of limestone flint at Tsit-Kanaja was the place of my bands flint and hence this is why we call ourselves Kaniengehaga. Our main Village (Kanata) was located on the east shore of Brasserie Creek in Hull, this area was littered with works of flint, there you could find arrow heads, tomahawks, skinning tools and everything we made out of flint, as this location was our main work shop. Our community did not rest in Hull only, we also had a fortified Kanata in Torbolton, Ontario that we called "Big Sand Point". Other bands and tribes had travelled far to come here to trade, tribes like the Anishnabek and Nipissing hence the name Odawag (Place to Trade) was given.
In the early 1600 hundreds our Kanata at Big Sand Point was attacked by the French (Champlain) along with a group of there allies (Anishnabek). This cowardly attack took place in the middle of the night while our men, women and children slept. They pillaged, killed innocent people and burned our Kanata along with food supplies to the ground. This massacre was almost a complete success, luckily a small percent of us had escaped the terrifying horror.
In 1660 there was another attempt of massacre by the French on the indigenous people of Ottawa-Hull. This militia was led by Adam Dollard Des Ormeaux a French immigrant who had only been in Turtle Island for two years. Ormeaux led his militia of hundreds up the Ottawa river to plunder and slaughter us Kaniengehaga. Fortunately we received notice and led our own war party down the river to intercept, we met up with Ormeaux's militia and rendered them there fate (doneldadupont.com/dollard.html).
One hundred and forty years later in the winter of 1800, a British man named Philemon Wright from Massachusetts had led a English militia up the frozen river to our Village at Tsit-Kanaja. To Philemon my band was known as the Canadas and it was our sacred falls that seperated the dominions. Philemon Wright stated he was going to live beside us in perfect harmony, and if we had any concerns we should contact his government. Immediately this large group of immigrants began cutting down thousands of trees, a community member almost died triyng to protect one really sacred tree.
In 1843 the new people desecrated our ossuary located just a short walk down by the river, this is where today's museum of civilization is located. This act of profanity unearthed twenty or so skeletons, two wolf skulls and several sacred relics, the interior of this burial was covered in a red hematite.
In 1872 only five years after confederation, there was a severe epidemic of "Smallpox". Dr. Malloch of Ottawa was paid $125.00 to furnish this disease at the request of the Secratary of the State for the Provinces (Indian Branch). Furnishing this disease had proven fatal in several cases, over half the sick remaining were under the age of twelve years. In 1882 our village was now entirely enveloped by Canadians, prior this somehow our place of origin and community was given reserve status.
The year now is 1901, L.Genest Police Chief of Hull sent a letter to the Secretary of State for the Provinces asking if the land occupied by the Indians was a reserve according to there law. The return letter stated as of today (not yesterday) the land belongs to Mrs. Scott of Hull as she pays city taxes for the land. Mrs. Scott's maiden name was Nancy Louisa Wright, Mrs. Scott was daughter of Tiberius Wright, son of Philemon Wright (the one who lives in perfect harmony). Nancy Louisa Wright married Judge John Scott, the first mayor of Bytown.
In 1902 only three members of our community found themselves in the Superior Court district of Ottawa (cases 535, 536,and 537) attempting to defend our land in a bias uncivil court system against Mrs.Scott of Hull. We Kaniengehaga stood no chance, indigenous Canadians were not allowed legal representation until 1960 making me question the integrity of the whole case. Our eviction date was set for April 15th 1903, we were to have all of our houses, property and personell removed on or before this date. I have personally requested the written transcripts for the cases 535 threw 537 so I could see what merit they had to evict and if there were any palpable and reversible errors made. I was told by e-mail that the transcripts were burned in a Hull court house fire in 1978, I believe this is a lie and they are protecting there own interest. To this present day the band at Tsit-Kanaja has not been relocated or compensated for the loss of our traditional territorial land and resources, we still reside here hidden in plain site.
Everything stated above is and always will be the truth, my name is Jason Arbour a Kaniengehaga/Onkwehonwe from Tsit-Kanaja and this is HIS-STORY.